According to research scientists in Germany, the human brain absorbs sugar from blood more so than previously believed. The findings possibly may lead to new applications in treating obesity and diabetes. A research study conducted at the Technical University of Munich suggests that brain regulates, in greater proportions, an individual’s metabolism, and hunger pangs.
The study, published in the journal Cell contends that brain cells are more proactive in the metabolic process that previously thought. Before the release of the study findings, science held that sugar absorption to the brain was a minor event.
Technical University of Munich Director of Metabolic Diseases Matthias Tschöp remarked, “Our results showed for the first time that essential metabolic and behavioral processes are not regulated via neuronal cells alone and that other cell types in the brain, such as astrocytes, play a crucial role.”
Researchers using contemporary imaging processes established that insulin and leptin were acting as regulators of sugar absorption into the brain. They discovered insulin receptors absent on the astrocytes surface. Such a void enables reduced neuron activity which deters food uptake, which is an instrumental element to how the brain interacts with body metabolism. Additional research is necessary to understand how astrocytes function and metabolism function.
Additional research is necessary to integrate how astrocytes function and the established concept of metabolism and food consumption. Comprehensive analysis of how cells interact will yield solutions thwarting sugar addiction and effective treatments for diabetes and obesity.
The World Health Organization indicates that individuals afflicted with diabetes worldwide have quadrupled since 1980. Countries worldwide have set a target of reducing diabetes by one-third over the next 15 years.